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Posts Tagged ‘interpretations’

  1. Reading 02: Single/Double Loop Learning

    August 1, 2013 by kimberlyteoh

    This week’s required reading was about Chris Aygris’ theories of action, double loop learning and organizational learning.
    Aygris and Schon suggests that there are two theories of action which are espoused theory and theory-in-use.

    Espoused theory: “The words we use to convey what we do or what we would like others to think we do.”


    We might explain our sudden rush out of the office to
    others, or even to ourselves at some level, by saying
    that a ‘crisis’ had arisen with one of‘our’ clients.”

    Theories-in-use: “The theory that actually governs his actions.”


    “The theory-in-use might be quite different.We may have
    become bored and tired by the paper work or meeting and
    felt that a quick trip out to an apparently difficult
    situation would bring welcome relief.”

    Then there’s single and double-loop learning. Single loop learning involves looking for a different strategy when the current approach is unable to achieve the goal. The new strategy must work within the confines of the governing variables. The current goals, objectives, values and beliefs are unquestioned and will remain unchanged. To put it simply, strategy changes, everything else, no.

    Double-loop learning, however, allows the governing variables to come under criticism and to be changed if the need arises. This results in a change in the way strategies are made, so in other words, the conceptual framework changes.

    Finally, there’s Model I and Model II, which inhibit and enhances double-loop learning, respectively.

    From what I understand, Model I has an autocratic style of leadership because decisions are more likely to be made objectively and are imposed upon others. Its characteristics include showing weaknesses like emotion, incompetence, ineptitude to be frowned upon which in turn creates a need to suppress negative feelings.There is a higher chance for resistance against changing goals to “win” in a sense that the goal is expected to be made a success and if not, it is seen as a “loss”.

    Model II, on the other hand, has a more participative style of leadership because control is shared and opinions and inquiries are encouraged. Theories are tried and tested and information circulates within the organisation easily.

    It’s interesting to see that Model I seems to reject innovation whereas Model II enhances it because it allows more creativity due to open communication and more freedom of choice.

  2. Reading 01 Interpretations

    July 31, 2013 by kimberlyteoh

    This is really late but I’m gonna go ahead and post anyway.

    Last week, Adrian wrote and posted a very metaphorical reading. I have to admit that I literally imagined this while I was reading it.

    I have a simple mind

    Obviously, I’m sure he didn’t mean to produce a mental image such as this when he wrote it so I gave it a bit more thought.

    Instead of a boat, I thought of a mouse cursor. I replaced the ocean with a cloud and put in network resources such as videos, blogs, audio files, etc. which are the ideas that other people have contributed to the cloud. None of these are connected to each other but you can certainly ‘access’ them when you touch them.

    Basically, the ocean/cloud is a gateway to a world that has an endless amount of ideas that other people have put in. Although Adrian only described and mentioned one boat, who says that there can’t be more boats? Anyone can be in it or access it. I believe that’s what network media is.

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